Knee replacement surgery is a procedure that relieves pain and returns a function to severely injured knee joints. The only way to relieve severe osteoarthritis pain is through knee replacement surgery. Most people who have difficulty walking, climbing stairs, or getting in and out from chairs will need knee replacement surgery. A partial or total knee replacement can be done. Some patients may choose partial knee replacement (also known as unicompartmental arthritis (UKA)).
There are three components to the knee joint. To form the main knee joint, the thighbone (the Femur) joins the large shin bone. The inner and outer compartments of this joint are distinct. To form the third joint, the kneecap joins with the femur.
Dr. RM. Alagappan MS Orth, MCh Orth (UK), leads our team at Hande Medical Centre. His area of special interest is apart from those mentioned below – Knee Replacement Surgery. He is a young and dynamic addition to our team, having returned from the UK recently. Dr. Natrajan MS (Ortho) consults at Hande Hospital. Hande Hospital is referred to as one of the best knee replacement hospital in Chennai
Knee arthroscopy has become a valuable tool in diagnosing and treating problems of the knee. Arthro means joint and scope is to see or visualize. It literally means to see inside the joint. The indications for performing an arthroscopy are varied. They include cartilage, meniscal, and ligamentous damage.
A total knee replacement is recommended for people suffering from severe arthritis or those with severe damage to the knee joint that causes progressive pain and impaired function.
Knee replacement surgery, similar to any medical procedure, conveys chances. They include:
- Blood clumps in the leg vein or lungs
- Coronary failure
- Nerve harm
During The Procedure
An incision will be made. Your femur and tibia will be cut to remove damaged cartilage and bone. The areas of cartilage and bone that have been removed will be covered by parts of the prosthesis (liners). Your femur will be covered with a metal liner, while your tibia will be covered by a plastic liner.
To drain excess fluid from the surgical site, one or more small tubes (drains), may be placed at your incision. The incision will be closed using stitches, skin glue or adhesive strips. Your incision may be treated with medicine. Your incision will be covered with a bandage. There may be variations in the procedure depending on where you are located.
After The Procedure
- A continuous passive motion machine may be provided to you for your home use. This machine will be demonstrated to you.
- Compression stockings may be necessary. These stockings can prevent blood clots from happening and help reduce swelling.
- Your blood pressure, heart rate and breathing rate will be monitored by the doctor until you are finished with your medication.
- An IV tube can be used to continue receiving fluids or medicines.
- Fluid may be coming from your incision through one or more drains.
- There will be some discomfort. You will have pain medication.
- If you have taken a sedative, do not drive for more than 24 hours.
The basic philosophy of the knee clinic is to provide a highly specialized treatment service for all kinds of knee-related problems – both non-operative and operative, which include
- Keyhole Knee Surgery
- Knee Arthritis Treatment
- Mini-incision Knee Replacement
- Mobile-bearing Total Knee Replacement
- Unicompartmental Knee Replacement
- Ligament Reconstruction
- Knee Cartilage Surgery
- Total Hip Replacement
Physical therapy (also physiotherapy) is a health profession that assesses and provides treatment to individuals to develop, maintain and restore maximum movement and function throughout life. This includes providing treatment in circumstances where movement and function are threatened by aging, injury, disease or environmental factors.
The Physiotherapist utilizes various gadgets to aid treatment like Interferential Therapy, Ultrasound, and Short wave Diathermy. He or she may also utilize various exercises to strengthen groups of muscles, or stretch groups of muscles, which are tight.
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